In 1960, Frances Oldham Kelsey was one of the newest recruits of the Food and Drug Administration. During her first month as a reviewer at the FDA, Kelsey refused marketing authorization for a drug called thalidomide in the United States. The drug had been used to treat insomnia and workplace stress, but was later proven to have caused nerve damage, and severe birth defects.
Smallpox is the first and only human disease that was declared eradicated on a global scale. Also, with the breakthroughs made while eradicating smallpox and a number of other creative solutions, we are now really close to making a few more diseases a thing of the past.
12 million people have already sent away samples of their DNA to consumer genetic testing companies to find out information about their own genetic makeup.
Bacteriophage, also known as phage, is a virus specialized in killing bacteria. The virus could one day be used to fight against antibiotic resistant bacteria (or, superbugs), but how?
The brain being in a coma is nothing like being asleep. Pretty fascinating things are happening inside.
As we grow older, parts of our heart can deteriorate or become weaker. As a result, it affects the functionality of heart, which gives us some serious problems.
Skin, the largest organ in your body, accounts for 16 percent of your physical weight. The purpose of skin may seem obvious - to keep your insides in. But besides that, it plays a surprising number of roles in your lives.
Scientists have learned that our immune system is so adaptable and long-lasting that they might be able to engineer our bodies to become immune to germs and antigen invaders we’ve never met, and even make us immune to everything. But how?
The vitreous humor comprises 80 percent of our eyeball. And like most gels, it's mostly water mixed with collagen fibers and a sugar called hyaluronic acid.
Sports like football and soccer cause a significant proportion of injuries, but it's the boxing that's the most dangerous. A punch to the head during a boxing match can range anywhere from 670-1100 pounds of force.
Vaccines work by introducing a weakened form of the germ to your body, so that the immune system can learn to recognize it. Your body then builds its defenses so it’s prepared to fight off a real attack later in life. And no, vaccines do not cause autism. They neither give you peanut allergy.
Old people have that distinctive smell because of the chemical called 2-nonenal. Nonenal begins appearing at the age 40, and the amount increases as you age.
Did you know that you can live a normal life with just half a brain? Well, your body contains some other organs too that can be removed in their entirety, without affecting your everyday tasks or life expectancy.
Stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is cut off. When this happens, brain becomes deprived of oxygen, causing brain cells to die. Strokes are one of the most common causes of death, and a leading cause of preventable disability. But, what makes blood supply to the brain blocked in the first place. And what can you do to prevent it from happening?
Bones are pretty important part of our body. They give us proper shape and structure, protect our internal organs, help us stand upright and give us the ability to move. But, can you imagine your body without your 206 bones?
As a little kid, you probably hated broccoli, lettuce, and other green veggies, but now that you've grown up you either love them or have hopefully gotten over your hatred of things. Anyway, here's what happens if you never eat fruits and vegetables.
Besides the intense pulse of thermal radiation generated by the blast sets you on fire, melts your gelatinous eyeballs, strips off the layer of your skin, ruptures your eardrums and […]