Procrastination occurs when we refuse to commit to certain actions or decisions, despite the expectation of negative consequences. This behavior is motivated by negative feelings such as stress, incompetence, and insecurity.

Procrastination happens when the brain responds to the task as a threat and releases hormones such as adrenaline, leading to a fear response that overpowers impulses from the prefrontal cortex. Studies have found that people who struggle with emotional regulation and low self-esteem are more susceptible to procrastination.

Watch this video from TED-Ed as it delves into the science behind procrastination and how our brain reacts to tasks that cause stress or negative feelings.